Effective Paragraph

In writing there are usually problems in writing paragraphs, there are: 1.Lack of connections of ideas – jumping from one topic to another 2.Lack of linking words or transitions 3.Lack of synonyms 4.Misuse of pronouns 5.Misuse of articles So, what makes a sentence effective?

1.Topic sentence: Main Idea

  • Contains the main idea
  • Has main idea and controlling idea
  • Is the focus of the paragraph
  • Usually in the beginning of the paragraph (the first or second sentence)

2.Unity: single focus

3.Coherence: systematic connection

4.Adequate development: sufficient examples, details

—An effective paragraph is sufficiently developed/explained using: ◦Examples and illustrations ◦Data (facts, statistics, evidence, details, and others) ◦Definition terms in the paragraph ◦Comparison and contrast ◦Causes and reasons ◦Effects and consequences ◦Descriptions or details ◦Chronology of an event (time segments) ◦Steps ◦Logical divisions

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Example: —1My hometown is famous for several amazing natural features.  2First, it is noted for the Wheaton River, which is very wide and beautiful. 3On either side of this river, which is 175 feet wide, are many shady willow trees which have long branches that can move gracefully in the wind.  4In autumn the leaves of these trees fall and cover the riverbanks like golden snow.  5Second, on the other side of the town is Wheaton Hill, which is unusual because it is very steep.  6Even though it is steep, climbing this hill is not dangerous, because there are some firm rocks along the sides that can be used as stairs.  7There are no trees around this hill, so it stands clearly against the sky and can be seen from many miles away. 8If you visit Wheaton Hill you should try the nice restaurant at Wheaton Hill hotel.  9The third amazing feature is the Big Old Tree. 10This tree stands two hundred feet tall and is probably about six hundred years old.  11These three landmarks are truly amazing and make my hometown a famous place. Paragraph Analysis: —The topic sentence is: Sentence 1 —Irrelevant sentence: Sentence 8 —The paragraph also shows coherence by the use of ◦Parallel constructions: Present tense ◦Pronouns: this, these ◦Synonyms: natural features = landmarks ◦Paraphrasing of phrase/sentence: sentence 1 is paraphrased in sentence 11 ◦Repetition of key words: river, hill, rocks ◦Transitional words: on the other side, even though, so, because —Methods of development/sentence organization used: ◦Examples/illustrations: – ◦Comparison and contrast: sentences 3 (comparison – on either side) and 6 (even though) ◦Causes and reasons: sentences  5, 6 and 7 (so, because) ◦Descriptions or details of each landmark ◦Logical divisions: First, Second, The third amazing feature
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